Bibliography for An Illustrated Guide to Income in the United States 

There are many surveys on salaries, top-earning celebrities, CEOs of public companies, and hedge fund managers, but when it comes to data covering all income in the United States, there are four main sources: the US Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis, and Internal Revenue Service. 

CEOs, Celebrities, and Hedge Fund Managers

Forbes. “CEO Compensation, 2011.” January 2012.

———. “Celebrity 100, 2011.” Spring 2012.

———. “Historical Chart: Two Decades of CEO Pay.” December 2012.

Taub, Stephen. “Really Big Bucks.” Institutional Investor’s Alpha, April 2006, 18–30. 

———. “The New Tycoons.” Institutional Investor’s Alpha, April 2007, 40–57. 

———. “The Kings of Cash.” Institutional Investor’s Alpha, April 2008, 34–49. 

———. “Brother, Can You Spare a Billion.” Institutional Investor’s Alpha, April 2009, 37–47. 

———. “The Rich List.” AR: Absolute Return + Alpha, April 2010, 29-42. 

———. “The Rich List.” AR: Absolute Return + Alpha, April 2011, 33–48. 


Central Intelligence Agency. CIA World Factbook. July 2011.

Maddison, Angus. “Statistics on World Population, GDP and Per Capita GDP, 1–2008 AD.” July 2011.


Snyder, Thomas D., and Sally A. Dillow. “Digest of Education Statistics 2010.” 2010 Digest Tables Directory, Table 8. 2011.

United States GINI and Recessions

National Bureau of Economic Research. “US Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions.” Summer 2011.

US Census Bureau. American FactFinder. Fall 2011.

Historical Wages

Officer, Lawrence H., and Samuel H. Williamson. “The Annual Consumer Price Index for the United States, 1774–2011.”, 2012.

———. “Annual Wages in the United States, 1774–Present.”, 2011.

US Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Current Employment Statistics survey (National) SIC.” June 2011.

———. “National Compensation Survey.” Fall 2012.

———. “Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted.” November 2012.


Congressional Budget Office. “Trends in the Distribution of Household Income Between 1979 and 2007.” Summer 2012.  

US Census Bureau. “Families and Individual Money Income in the United States: 1945. Table 2.” September 2011.

———. “Income of Families and Persons in the United States: 1950. Table 1.” September 2011.

———. “Income of Families and Persons in the United States: 1960. Table 5.” September 2011.

———. “Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010. Table A-2.” September 2011.

———. “Historical Income Tables: Households.” June 2011.

———. “ Table HINC-01. Selected Characteristics of Households, by Total Money Income in 2010.” 2012. 

———. “Table HINC-06. Income Distribution to $250,000 or More for Households: 2010.” June 2011.


Citizens for Tax Justice. “Top Federal Income Tax Rates Since 1913.” November 2011.

Congressional Budget Office. “The Distribution of Household Income and Federal Taxes, 2008 and 2009.” August 2012.

Hungerford, Thomas L. “Taxes and the Economy: An Economic Analysis of the Top Tax Rates Since 1945.” Congressional Research Service, Report no. R42729. September 12, 2012.

Tax Foundation. “Federal Individual Income Tax: Exemptions and Treatment of Dividends, 1913–2006.” Spring 2012.

Tax Policy Center. “Historical Corporate Top Tax Rate and Bracket.” Spring 2012.

———. “Historical Individual Income Tax Parameters.” Spring 2012.


Correlates of War. “National Material Capabilities.” Summer 2011.

Texas Tribune. “Government Employee Salaries.” June 2011.

US Department of Defense, Defense Finance and Accounting Service. “Military Members.” Pay Tables. July 6, 2012.

Occupation and Industries

Bakija, Jon, Adam Cole, and Bradley Heim. 2008. “Jobs and Income Growth of Top Earners and the Causes of Changing Income Inequality: Evidence from U.S. Tax Return Data.” Working Paper no. 2010-24, Williams College, Department of Economics, revised January 2012.

EMSI (Economic Modeling Specialists International). Summer–Winter 2011.

US Bureau of Economic Analysis. “Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by Industry Data.” June 2012.

US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Occupational Outlook Handbook. 2012.

———. Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey. 2012. 

US Census Bureau. “North American Industry Classification System.” 2012.


US Census Bureau. Current Population Survey, Historical Poverty Tables. August 2011.

———. “How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty.” October 2012.


Dolfman, Michael L., and Denis M. McSweeney. “100 Years of U.S. Consumer Spending: Data for the Nation, New York City, and Boston.” Report no. 991, US Bureau of Labor Statistics.

US Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Table 2. Income Before Taxes: Average Annual Expenditures and Characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 2010.” June 2011.


Freedman, Jonah. “The 50 Highest-Earning American Athletes: The Fortunate 50, 2010.” Sports Illustrated, Summer 2011.

———. “The 50 Highest-Earning American Athletes: The Fortunate 50, 2011.” Sports Illustrated, Summer 2011.

Haupert, Michael. “The Economic History of Major League Baseball.” EH.Net Encyclopedia, edited by Robert Whaples. December 3, 2007.

“2010 Baseball Team Payrolls.” Baseball. July 6, 2012.

USA Today. “USATODAY Salaries Databases.” July 5, 2012.

Top Incomes

Internal Revenue Service. “The 400 Individual Income Tax Returns Reporting the Largest Adjusted Gross Incomes Each Year, 1992–2009.” July 6, 2012.

Internal Revenue Service. “Statistics of Income Bulletin, Fall 2012.”  Washington, D.C. Decmeber 9, 2012.

Saez, Emmanuel, Thomas Piketty, Facundo Alvaredo, and Tony Atkinson. “The World Top Incomes Database.” Summer 2012.

Saez, Emmanuel, and Thomas Piketty. “Income Inequality in the United States.” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 118, no. 1 (2003): 1–39.


US Census Bureau “Definitions and Explanations of Terms.”