This graph shows the dramatic change in China's population and GDP per capita (especially in the last 200 years). Compare this to the graph of the World that I created earlier.
Data estimates for population and GDP per capita are from Angus Maddison Emeritus Professor, Faculty of Economics, University of Groningen. 1990 international Geary-Khamis dollars are purchasing power parities (PPPs) used to evaluate output which are calculated based on international prices. See United Nations Statistics Division for more information their computation.